Labor line has job news and commentary with a one stop short cut for America’s job markets and job related data including the latest data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
This month's job and employment summary data are below. This month's inflation data is below.
The Establishment Job Report and Establishment Job Details for data released June 3, 2023. American Job Market The Chronicle
Current Job and Employment Data
Total Non-Farm Establishment Jobs up 339,000 to 156,105,000
Total Private Jobs up 283,000 to 133,443,000
Total Government Employment up 56,000 to 22,662,000 Note
Civilian Non-Institutional Population up 175,000 to 266,618,000
Civilian Labor Force up 130,000 to 166,818,000
Employed down 310,000 to 160,721,000
Employed Men down 201,000 to 85,410,000
Employed Women down 109,000 to 75,311,000
Unemployed up 440,000 to 6,097,000
Not in the Labor Force up 45,000 to 99,800,000
Unemployment Rate increased by .3% to 3.7% or 6,097/166,818
Labor Force Participation Rate stayed the same at 62.6%, or 166,818/266,618
Prices and inflation measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI) for all Urban Consumers was up by a monthly average of 8.0 percent for 2022.
The CPI May report for the 12 months ending with May shows the
CPI for All Items was up 4.9%
CPI for Food and Beverages was up 5.8%
CPI for Housing was up 7.5%
CPI for Apparel was up 3.6%
CPI for Transportation including gasoline was up .2%
CPI for Medical Care was up 1.1%
CPI for Recreation was up 5.0%
CPI for Education was up 3.6%
CPI for Communication was up .1%
This Month’s Establishment Jobs Press Report
The Bureau of Labor Statistics published its June report for jobs in May. The employed decreased by 310 thousand and the unemployed increased by 440 thousand. The large increase in the unemployed combined with a modest net increase in the labor force of 130 thousand pushed the unemployment rate up by .3 percent to 3.7 percent. The participation rate remained the same this month at 62.6 percent, still very low.
The seasonally adjusted total of establishment employment was up 339 thousand for May. The increase was 257 thousand more jobs in the private service sector combined with a 26 thousand increase in jobs from goods production. The total of 283 thousand jobs gained in the private sector combined with a(n) increase of 56 thousand government service jobs accounts for the total increase.
Goods production jobs were up by 26 thousand, after last month’s decline. Natural resources added 3 thousand jobs; construction was up 25 thousand jobs. All the construction subsectors added jobs last month with heavy and engineering construction leading the way with 10.7 thousand new jobs. Manufacturing dropped 2 thousand jobs, a combination of 3 thousand more jobs in durable goods and a loss of 5 thousand jobs in non-durable goods. Among durable goods, transportation equipment, especially motor vehicle manufacturing, had job gains of 10.5 thousand jobs offset with small job losses in most other durable goods manufacturing. Among nondurable goods chemical manufacturing picked up 1.7 thousand jobs combined with small job losses across remaining non-durable subsectors.
Government service employment increased 56 thousand jobs, part of a continuing increase in government employment. The federal government was up 7 thousand jobs; state government was up 19 thousand jobs while local government added another 30 thousand jobs. State and local government, excluding education, combined for 15.5 thousand new jobs. State education jobs were up 9.7 thousand and local government education added another 14.6 thousand jobs. Education jobs were up in the private sector by 22.3 thousand for a combined education increase of 46.6 thousand jobs, an unusually large job increase for education.
Health care took first place this month for private service sector job gains with 75 thousand new jobs, more than last month. All four of the health care subsectors had more jobs and more jobs this month than last month. Ambulatory care added 23.9 thousand jobs; hospitals added 19.6 thousand jobs, an unusually large increase; nursing and residential care added 8.9 thousand new jobs. Social assistance services had a good month with 22.2 thousand new jobs with individual and family services accounting for 17.2 thousand of the jobs. The growth rate for health care this month increased from last month to 4.22 percent, well above the average of 1.87 percent per month of the last several years.
Professional and business services took second place for private service sector job gains with a net of 64 thousand jobs, a little more than last month. The professional and technical services sub sector had 42.7 thousand more jobs; administrative and support services including waste management job 21.5 thousand jobs reversing the last several months of job declines. Management lost a hundred jobs after an unusually large increase last month.
Professional and technical services subsector job gains came in accounting and bookkeeping services with 10.8 thousand jobs and management and technical consulting services added 8.2 thousand new jobs. Architecture and engineering services added another 7.0 thousand jobs while computing systems design and related services added only 2.5 thousand jobs. Administrative and support services had job gains in employment services of 9.3 thousand jobs with 7.7 thousand in temporary help services. Services to buildings or dwellings added 5.2 thousand new jobs along with other small gains and losses.
Leisure and hospitality had modest job gains with 48 thousand more jobs, although more than last month. Arts entertainment and recreation had 13.7 thousand of the jobs. Performing arts and spectator sports accounted for 10.6 thousand of those jobs. Accommodations changed little but restaurants and bars added 33.1 thousand jobs. Leisure and hospitality at 16.596 million jobs lingers 319 thousand jobs less than its maximum employment which came February 2020.
Trade transportation and utilities had 37 thousand new jobs. Wholesale added 1.1 thousand jobs while retail trade jobs added another 11.6 thousand jobs, but the transportation sub sector added most of the jobs: 24.2 thousand. The job gains came transit and ground passenger transportation with 11.8 thousand jobs. Couriers and messengers added 8.2 thousand new jobs.
Information services lost 9 thousand jobs. Job losses came in all six subsectors with publishing industries down 2.5 thousand jobs and telecommunications down 2.5 thousand more. Financial Activities had a net gain of 10 thousand jobs. Finance and Insurance picked up 7.1 thousand jobs while real estate added 1.2 thousand jobs and rental and leasing services added 1.5 thousand more. The category, other, added 10 thousand jobs, with gains in all three subsectors: repair and maintenance services 4.4 thousand jobs; personal and laundry services up 600 jobs; non-profit membership associations up 4.2 thousand jobs.
The economy added 339 thousand jobs continuing monthly increases over the last twelve months, and this month with a return to more than 300 thousand jobs. The total for establishment employment in May 2023 is 156.105 million generating an annual growth rate of 2.61 percent, well up from last month. There broad based job gains across all the major sectors. Health care did well again this month accounting for more than 20 percent of job gains. Education and government service are both contributing to job growth this month and for the last six months. This month’s job total is 4.063 million above May a year ago and 10.964 million jobs above May two years ago.
Non Farm Total +339
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported Non-Farm employment for establishments increased from April by 339 thousand jobs for a(n) May total of 156.105 million. (Note 1 below) An increase of 339 thousand each month for the next 12 months represents an annual growth rate of +2.61% The annual growth rate from a year ago beginning May 2022 was +2.67%; the average annual growth rate from 5 years ago beginning May 2018 was +.97%; from 15 years ago beginning May 2008 it was +.83%. America needs growth around 1.5 percent a year to keep itself employed.
Sector breakdown for 12 Sectors in 000’s of jobs
1. Natural Resources +3
Natural Resources jobs including logging and mining were up 3 thousand from April with 643 thousand jobs in May. An increase of 3 thousand jobs each month for the next 12 months would be an annual growth rate of +5.62 percent. Natural resource jobs are up 43 thousand for the 12 months just ended. Jobs in 2000 averaged around 600 thousand with little prospect for growth. This is the smallest of 12 major sectors of the economy with .4 percent of establishment jobs.
2. Construction +25
Construction jobs were up 25 thousand from April with 7.928 million jobs in May. An increase of 25 thousand jobs each month for the next 12 months would be an annual growth rate of +3.80 percent. Construction jobs are up 192 thousand for the 12 months just ended. The growth rate for the last 5 years is +1.76%. Construction jobs rank 9th among the 12 sectors with 5.1 percent of non-farm employment.
3. Manufacturing -2
Manufacturing jobs were down 2 thousand from April with 12.984 million jobs in May. A decrease of 2 thousand jobs each month for the next 12 months would be an annual growth rate of -.18 percent. Manufacturing jobs were up for the last 12 months by 195 thousand. The growth rate for the last 5 years is +.51%; for the last 15 years by -.29%. Manufacturing ranks 6th among 12 major sectors in the economy with 8.4 percent of establishment jobs.
4. Trade, Transportation & Utility +37
Trade, both wholesale and retail, transportation and utility employment were up 37 thousand from April with 28.921 million jobs in May. An increase of 37 thousand jobs each month for the next 12 months would be an annual growth rate of +1.54 percent. Jobs are up by 287 thousand for last 12 months. Growth rates for the last 5 years are +.92 percent. Jobs in these sectors rank first as the biggest sectors with combined employment of 18.6 percent of total establishment employment.
5. Information Services -9
Information Services jobs were down 9 thousand from April with 3.084 million jobs in May. A decrease of 9 thousand jobs each month for the next 12 months would be an annual growth rate of -3.49 percent. (Note 2 below) Jobs are up by 17 thousand for the last 12 months. Information jobs reached 3.7 million at the end of 2000, but started dropping, reaching 3 million by 2004 and has slowly come back to 2.7 million in the last decade. Information Services is a small sector ranking 11th of 12 with 2.0 percent of establishment jobs.
6. Financial Activities +10
Financial Activities jobs were up 10 thousand from April at 9.130
million in May. An increase of 10 thousand each month for the next 12 months would
be an annual growth rate of
+1.32 percent. Jobs are up 90 thousand for the last 12 months. (Note 3 below) This sector also includes real estate as well as real estate lending. The long term growth rates are now at a 5 year growth rate of +1.31 percent, and a 15 year growth rate of +.68 percent. Financial activities rank 8th of 12 with 5.9 percent of establishment jobs.
7. Business and Professional Services +64
Business and Professional Service jobs went up 64 thousand from April to 23.053 million in May. An increase of 64 thousand each month for the next 12 months would be an annual growth rate of +3.34 percent. Jobs are up 560 thousand for the last 12 months. Note 4 The annual growth rate for the last 5 years was +1.95 percent. It ranks as 2nd among the 12 sectors now. It was 2nd in May 1993, when manufacturing was bigger and second rank now with 14.8 percent of establishment employment.
8. Education including public and private +47
Education jobs went up 47 thousand jobs from April at 14.421 million in May. An increase of 47 thousand jobs each month for the next 12 months would be an annual growth rate of +3.89 percent. These include public and private education. Jobs are up 427 thousand for the last 12 months. (note 5) The 15 year growth rate equals +.47 percent. Education ranks 5th among 12 sectors with 9.2 percent of establishment jobs
9. Health Care +75
Health care jobs were up 75 thousand from April to 21.302 million in May. An increase of 75 thousand each month for the next 12 months would be an annual growth rate of +4.22 percent. Jobs are up 893 thousand for the last 12 months. (note 6) The current month has not recovered health care job growth. The health care long term 15 year growth rate has been +1.87 percent lately compared to +4.22 percent for this month’s jobs. Health care ranks 3rd of 12 with 13.6 percent of establishment jobs.
10. Leisure and hospitality +48
Leisure and hospitality jobs were up 48 thousand from April to 16.596 million in May. (note 7) An increase of 48 thousand each month for the next 12 months would be an annual growth rate of +3.48 percent. Jobs are up 897 thousand for the last 12 months. More than 80 percent of leisure and hospitality are accommodations and restaurants assuring that most of the new jobs are in restaurants. Leisure and hospitality ranks 4th of 12 with 10.7 percent of establishment jobs. It moved up to 7th from 4th in the pandemic decline.
11. Other +10
Other Service jobs, which include repair, maintenance, personal services and non-profit organizations went up 10 thousand from April to 5.850 million in May. An increase of 10 thousand each month for the next 12 months would be an annual growth rate of +2.05 percent. Jobs are up 169 thousand for the last 12 months. (note 8) Other services had +.37 percent growth for the last 15 years. These sectors rank 10th of 12 with 3.8 percent of total non-farm establishment jobs.
12. Government, excluding education +32
Government service employment went up 32 thousand from April
at 12.193 million jobs in May. An increase of 32 thousand each month for the next
12 months would be an annual growth rate of +3.17 percent. Jobs are up 294
thousand for the last 12 months. (note
9) Government jobs excluding education tend to increase slowly with a
15 year growth rate of
+.07 percent. Government, excluding education, ranks 7th of 12 with 7.8 percent of total non-farm establishment jobs.
(1) The total cited above is non-farm establishment employment that counts jobs and not people. If one person has two jobs then two jobs are counted. It excludes agricultural employment and the self employed. Out of a total of people employed agricultural employment typically has about 1.5 percent, the self employed about 6.8 percent, the rest make up wage and salary employment. Jobs and people employed are close to the same, but not identical numbers because jobs are not the same as people employed: some hold two jobs. Remember all these totals are jobs. back
(2) Information Services is part of the new North American Industry Classification System(NAICS). It includes firms or establishments in publishing, motion picture & sound recording, broadcasting, Internet publishing and broadcasting, telecommunications, ISPs, web search portals, data processing, libraries, archives and a few others.back
(3) Financial Activities includes deposit and non-deposit credit firms, most of which are still known as banks, savings and loan and credit unions, but also real estate firms and general and commercial rental and leasing.back
(4) Business and Professional services includes the professional areas such as legal services, architecture, engineering, computing, advertising and supporting services including office services, facilities support, services to buildings, security services, employment agencies and so on.back
(5) Education includes private and public education. Therefore education job totals include public schools and colleges as well as private schools and colleges. back
(6) Health care includes ambulatory care, private hospitals, nursing and residential care, and social services including child care. back
(7) Leisure and hospitality has establishment with arts, entertainment and recreation which has performing arts, spectator sports, gambling, fitness centers and others, which are the leisure part. The hospitality part has accommodations, motels, hotels, RV parks, and full service and fast food restaurants. back
(8) Other is a smorgasbord of repair and maintenance services, especially car repair, personal services and non-profit services of organizations like foundations, social advocacy and civic groups, and business, professional, labor unions, political groups and political parties. back
(9) Government job totals include federal, state, and local government administrative work but without education jobs. back
Jobs are not the same as employment because jobs are counted once but one person could have two jobs adding one to employment but two to jobs. Also the employment numbers include agricultural workers, the self employed, unpaid family workers, household workers and those on unpaid leave. Jobs are establishment jobs and non-other. back