We can sympathize with the drafters and crafters of the North American Industry Classification system. These people are good at organization and classification, but as things went on they found a few industries that would not fit, leftovers too small to stand alone and too disparate to have a common name. Hence, they declared a sector called Other, which is really four sub sectors of very different services. Allow me to give their definition, which I cite exactly. “Establishments in this sector are primarily engaged in activities, such as equipment and machinery repairing, promoting or administering religious activities, grantmaking, advocacy and providing dry cleaning and laundry services, personal care services, death care services, pet care services, photo finishing services, temporary parking services and dating services.” If you can find a common thread there you are definitely a better person than I am.
The four sub sectors make better sense looked at separately and national industry employment data is reported for the separate sub sectors. The biggest sub sector is a loose amalgam of non-profit organizations, which is the sub sector we want to look at here. The three other sub sectors we look at a little later on. Non-profits have almost 2.9 million jobs, not counting 1.7 million more jobs in religious organizations, meaning churches and synagogues, mosques and monasteries.
Besides religion non-profit organizations have Grantmaking and Giving Services giving away money to worthy applicants, or Social Advocacy Organizations promoting causes like wildlife preservation and birth control, or Civic and Social Organizations like scouting, fraternal lodges, or country and social clubs promoting the civic and social interests of members, and finally Business, Professional, Labor, Political and Similar Organizations like the Chamber of Commerce, International Brotherhood of Teamsters and State, various PAC’s and Federal Bar Associations.
Work at non-profit organizations tends to be office work, which assures a higher percentage of office jobs in managerial, financial and administrative support occupations than the national average.
Specialized professional jobs include human resources, training, and labor relations specialists, and meeting and convention planners, but also social advocacy organizations need professionals to be counselors, social workers and social service specialists where knowledge of social problems and how to solve them requires counseling and social work training. Grant making and giving services may need these specialties to evaluate applications or do other advising.
Media occupations such as public relations manager and public relations specialist have more than 45.7 thousand jobs, especially in business, professional, labor, and political organizations. There is no occupation called lobbyist in the Standard Occupational Classification but lobbyists are included in counts of public relations specialists.
Civic and social organizations sub sector, which includes alumni associations, fraternal lodges, social clubs and country clubs, tend to have dining rooms, fitness facilities, and swimming pools so there are food service jobs and jobs as fitness trainers and aerobics instructors, recreation workers, and other support jobs like lifeguard, and childcare.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports 23.6 thousand clergy working in religious organizations out of 44 thousand national clergy jobs. Clergy can be clergy working in social service organizations and a few in the government, but only clergy jobs are counted here.
Nearly 14.5 thousand Directors of Religious Activities and Education work here. Many churches run a preschool so there are 18.5 thousand preschool teacher jobs. Other jobs include 19.7 thousand self-enrichment teachers and 3 thousand elementary and secondary school teachers also work here, about 64.9 thousand education jobs total.
Churches and religious organizations are the largest employers of musicians and singers who actually play and sing for pay; about 13.8 thousand jobs. Musicians and singers at schools and colleges teach as their primary activity so their jobs go in education.
The non-profit organizations in this sub sector generated 2.9 million jobs in 2012 but it is only 2.2 percent of establishment employment. Over the 22 years from 1990 to 2012 the yearly growth rates averaged slightly higher than the national average so non-profits are relatively more important now than 1990. It is a slow increase in share however so non-profits will not be much help in replacing the lost manufacturing jobs. We have 63.8 million jobs left to fill. We need more service.